Ovarian Cysts Review
What Is A Cyst?
A sac of tissue that can be found in any region of the body, they vary in size and content (fluid). When they are solid they are known as tumors or pathological ovarian cysts not to be confused with a cancerous lump or mass.
Tumor is a general term for a swelling within the body. The most common known cysts are ovarian cysts.
An ovarian cyst is a sac of tissue generally containing fluid that forms in the ovary. It is usually painless and treatment is often not needed. Ovarian Cysts are usually fairly small, however larger cysts are known to grow in rarer cases. The most common type is known as the functional ovarian cyst.
Functional ovarian cysts are harmless and form during the menstrual cycle, they are present for a relatively short amount of time. The other known type of cyst are pathological cysts. These, as stated above, are solid masses that can be either benign (harmless) or malignant (cancerous).
– Functional Ovarian Cysts
Functional ovarian cysts can also be characterized into 2 subgroups:
Follicular Ovarian Cysts
Follicular cysts are the most common ovarian cysts. They are formed in the follicles within the ovary. The follicles are where the egg is formed. Each follicle contains fluid that protects the egg whilst it is growing to its optimal size.
Once the egg has grown to the required size, the follicle will burst thus releasing the egg. However, when a follicle does not burst or when the follicle does not drain its fluid after releasing the egg, it can swell up into a larger mass. This larger mass is the follicular ovarian cyst.
Luteal Ovarian Cysts
Luteal cysts are less common and are formed when the tissue that remains after the egg is released (corpus luteum) fills with blood. They can heal and go away by themselves after a few months but on rare occasions they may also rupture causing internal bleeding and pain.
Pathological Ovarian Cysts
Dermoid cysts (also known as mature cystic teratomas) are the most common cause of pathological cysts in woman under the age of 30. They can contain a variety of different tissues, from hair and skin to even teeth. These masses generally require surgery to be removed.
Be Aware Of The Symptoms
– Pain and discomfort in the abdomen (some women may notice this more after sex)
– Bloating in the abdomen
– Irregular or painful periods
– Increased frequency of urinating (caused by pressure on the bladder)
– Changes to breast and body hair growth (caused by hormone imbalances -cysts form around tissues that secrete hormones such corpus luteum)
Ovarian Cysts Treatment
Treatment is very much dependent on age and severity, the main factors to consider are:
– if you have been through menopause
– if there are symptoms present
– the appearance and size of the actual cyst
Most cysts are generally observed for changes to shape and size to determine whether they pose any kind of threat. This is usually done through an ultrasound and blood tests to detect the level of CA125 protein in the body. A larger problem causing ovarian cysts will need to be removed with surgery, there are two types of surgery in use currently:
Laparoscopy is a type of key hole surgery where two small cuts are made in the lower abdominal region and gas is blown into the pelvis to lift away the abdominal wall from the organs. A small tube shaped microscope is then passed through the abdomen so the surgeon can see the cyst. Using small surgical instruments the surgeon will remove the mass through small skin cuts.
Laparotomy is used when there is a risk of a cancerous cyst. A larger cut is made across the top of the pubic hairline to give the surgeon access to the area. The cyst is then remove and sent for testing. The skin is then closed up using stitches.
For more information on ovarian cysts and available remedies including natural remedies, visit: http://doyouneedthis.net/Healthwomen.aspx