Ovaries in women are two almond shaped organs located at the two sides of the pelvis. They produce eggs that are released during menstrual cycle. Small fluid filled sacs or cyst, sometimes develop on the surface of an ovary. It may also sometimes develop within an ovary. These ovarian cysts are normally harmless and will disappear on their own after a period of time. Generally, a woman does not know that she has cysts. However, complex ovarian cysts may cause serious health problems if they rupture and therefore it is important to spot the symptoms of ovarian cysts.
The causes of complex ovarian cyst are the same as the less serious or less complex ones. The reason why some women suffer from complex ovarian cyst while others do not, can be attributed to their mental and physiological make up, weak immune system, obesity, ignorance and neglect of complex ovarian cysts, existence of other kind of diseases, genetic predisposition and life style related factors along with a host of other medical reasons.
Complex ovarian cyst are composed of liquid as well as solid matters. If left untreated, it can lead to fatality of the patient. Complex ovarian cysts can cause severe pain and other general discomforts to the patient. Complex ovarian cysts are diagnosed during routine medical checks. It may also come to light when specific checks are made on the patient based on complaints of severe pain and discomfort.
In general, there are three kinds of cyst: Endometriosis can lead to endometrioma, which usually causes the growth of this cyst outside the uterus. This type of cyst can lead to complications in and around ovaries and hence it should be attended to immediately.
Dermoid cysts originate from the cells, which make up the human eggs. Some dermoids look human like because of the growth of hair, teeth and even other tissues in the cysts. Sometimes you can find dermoid cysts that contain things like sweat glands and some types of tissues. The knowledge of this type of cyst often makes a woman nervous and uneasy. This type of cyst is extremely painful but not cancerous.
Another type of cyst called cystomides are composed of liquid and mucus. These cysts can be very large and very painful. They are capable of twisting upon themselves and are therefore extremely painful and can cause a great deal of discomfort to a women who suffer from this.
To determine whether you have an ovarian cyst or not, your doctor may perform a manual pelvic examination. It is likely that a more sophisticated test, such as pelvic ultrasound also be used to support the diagnosis. Blood and pregnancy tests also form part of the examination. The blood test is to confirm the levels of CA 125 antigen, which is produced by cancerous cysts. This antigen is not just produced by cancers, but also in conditions such as endometriosis and pelvic inflammatory disease. The pregnancy test is to rule out any ectopic pregnancy.