Types of Ovarian Cyst

Reproductive health for women is among the top concerns around the world. One of the pressing issues is the increase in occurrence of the different types of ovarian cysts. Women who have entered the stage of ovulation could be plagued with one or more types of this cyst at least once in their lifetime. One could have cysts as early as in teen years to the last stages of menopause.

Given this scenario, it is but proper for people to become aware of having to deal with this medical condition. First of all, ovarian cysts occur as sacs or pouches in one or both ovaries, which may contain fluid-like substances and/or hard elements. These develop depending on the biological or medical history of a woman.

Most types of ovarian cysts emerge upon the release of hormones in the ovary during the process of monthly ovulation cycle. The cysts form when the follicles, which are containers for young eggs and fluids, did not break and release the eggs into the ovary as expected. Once this happens, the follicles ‘harden’ into cysts.

The most common type of such cyst is the follicular or functional cyst. While this occurs in most women, its presence is actually not felt during its early stage. In most cases, this kind of cyst would just go away in one to two menstrual cycles. In other cases, women with it could experience abdominal pain, irregular periods and vomiting.

Polycystic ovaries are among the types of ovarian cysts. These may cause the polycystic ovarian syndrome to occur. Women who have these might as well experience the same symptoms as having the previous cyst type. This kind however is a risk factor of infertility.

Another variety of cyst is the endometriomas, also known as ‘chocolate cyst’. This is typically a result of having endometriosis or having thick uterus lining. This kind of cyst found in the lining of the uterus walls attaches to the ovaries. This may also cause pelvic pain and infertility.

The dermoid cyst or teratoma is another type of ovarian cyst that is quite uncommon. It is different from the others due to its structure, having mature skin with sweat glands, hair follicles and fats. Other types of ovarian cysts are rather classified according to their development in structure and number such as in the case of the complex ovarian cysts and multiple cysts. The former may contain both fluid and hard elements, and the latter is a group of particular cysts grouped together and occurring simultaneously.

These initially develop as benign ones but as they mature, they could be malignant and become cancerous tumors. Thus, it is imperative for you to be always checked by your obstetrician/gynecologist to see if you might be suffering from any of these types of ovarian cysts.

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