Complex ovarian cyst starts out as a small sac of fluid located in the ovary linings. Although most of painful cysts in the ovary are benign or non-cancerous, there are immense possibilities that it can develop into a complex cyst in the ovary. Usually, a benign cyst in the ovary is mostly caused by endocrine disorders. However, if an ovarian follicle reaches a diameter of over 2cm, then it can fully develop into a painful cyst in the ovary which is known to be functional cysts. This occurs during post puberty wherein ovarian follicles fully develop inside the ovaries.
Types of functional complex ovarian cyst
There are three main types of a functional cyst in the ovary. First is the follicular cyst which is a product of fully matured ovarian follicle which can grow up to 2.33 inches in diameter. This type is painful which cause rupture in extreme cases.
The second type of functional cyst is corpus luteum which occurs at the time of the ovulation period wherein the ovarian follicle discharges mature eggs. Through this process, the follicle is now called corpus leteum which is broken down and absorbed in the body. As a result, corpus luteum will fill with blood and fluid which stats in the ovary.
Lastly, hemorrhagic cyst occurs when blood vessels in the ovarian follicles burst during folliculgenesis. When this happens, blood tends to leak out into the ovary causing the condition to enlarge and bring about extreme pain. This type will require surgery for treatment.
Ovarian cyst treatment
When afflicted with the condition, cyst treatment can be carried out through surgery. Doctors can perform laparoscopy for cyst below 2.5 inches. Another ovarian cyst treatment is partial oophorectomy which involves the removal of cyst and parts of ovary. Full hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy on the other hand is a cyst treatment which involves the removal of cysts, ovaries, and fallopian tube. All these surgical methods should be anticipated when you are suffering from complex ovarian cyst.